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“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” Arthur C. Clarke
I mentioned on Tuesday that the fantasy world I am creating is actually more a “science fantasy.” What that means for my story is that the “magic” in the Island Kingdom is called magic only because it isn’t well understood. It’s so far beyond it’s time, beyond the technology needed to see or understand it that it looks magical, unnatural, the same way we used to see chemical reactions or plagues. If the inhabitants of Cahuatlan had access to microscopes and Geiger counters, they would find terrible explanations for the mysteries surrounding them.
The point behind science fantasy is well explained by game designer Monte Cook. He says, and I agree, that giving fantasy a scientific explanation places limitations on it, and paradoxically opens things up for the storyteller.
For instance, in my story, “magic” is a largely deadly transformation that leaves the few survivors with unusual abilities. Once I knew the science behind the changes (which will remain secret for now), I “discovered” the following things:
- There are real physical, cellular level reasons for both the costs and the abilities that come from these transformations.
- The initial response to the transformation is fever, weakness, and a yellowish froth at the mouth. This is fairly universal across the different kinds of transformation.
- Those that don’t survive die of heart attacks, pulmonary embolisms and strokes. Those who study transformations in Cahuatlan are digging into just what these things have in common.
Placing limitations on a world has the same effect a barrel has on a bullet. The barrel provides direction and focus. A longer barrel makes it much more likely that you’ll hit the target. The same with a story. Putting boundaries in my world pushes the energy in new directions. An interesting story is not one where magic can do anything. Instead, an interesting story explores the limits of magic (and technology) and what people do when faced with those limitations…
Obviously, I can’t just be working on one thing. What happens if I get bored? So, in addition to my Chicago crimeland mystery, I am also creating a fantasy. Actually, it’s more of a “science fantasy,” but more about that on Thursday.
If you read fantasy, you know that since Tolkien a good deal of it has been heavily infused with European themes.
That’s not a bad thing, per say. Tolkien was explicitly trying to expand on Norse and Germanic mythology and does a wonderful job of it. But, too many fantasy stories since then have simply trotted out the same elves, dwarves, and orcs with slightly different names. The European myths have been retold and borrowed from so often that they need a break before we can write them fresh again.
Fantasy doesn’t need to be tied to Europe, though. Forest Mage has a Native American feel, Throne of the Crescent Moon brings to mind Arabian Nights, while The Long Price Quartet is distinctly East Asian.
Taking a cue from those books, the world I am creating combines elements of Polynesian, Incan and Japanese cultures. And because I am a RPG fiend of old, I have created a map to spur my creativity.
From Polynesia, I take the geography which created a rich variety of cultures, related, but each with it’s own distinct customs. I’d like to represent that in the book by having the book center around an Island kingdom made of a hundred of small islands spread out over a distance, each with some uniqueness but all bound by the same law.
From the Incans, I take the priestly class, the power they held and the rituals associated with it. That religious system will play a major role in this world.
From the Japanese, I take the value placed on tradition and a more long term orientation. All of these of course will be shaded and varied in different ways across the hundred islands.
Right now, I am dabbling with a short story to see if I like the world enough to write a whole novel in it. Stop back by on Thursday for an explanation of this “science fantasy” thing.